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Val Mivola: a thousand-year history

Itinerario archeologico tra piceni, galli e romani che hanno abitato la Val Mivola

Una storia millenaria. Monumenti, antiche vestigia, corredi funebri, oggetti di uso domestico e quotidiano di piceni, galli e romani che hanno abitato il territorio nel corso dei secoli senza tralasciare le testimonianze di siti e villaggi dell’età preistorica.

What to bring

Clothing suitable for the season and camera


Check the opening times and points of the museums included in the itinerary

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Museum Archeologico Statale Corso Mazzini 64 Arcevia 60011 Ancona

Built in 1996 thanks to the joint efforts of the Archaeological Superintendence for the Marche and the Municipal Administration, the Museum is housed in the restored and modernized rooms, adjacent to the Cloister of San Francesco. The structure serves as a museum of the area, bringing together materials from the municipal territory relevant to various eras from prehistory to the threshold of the Roman age. There is a sampling of material from the Paleolithic sites of Ponte di Pietra and Nidastore, from the Eneolitic fortified village of Conelle, from the stratified settlement of Cava Giacometti that from the final Neolithic reaches the Bronze Age, from the settlement of high ground of the end of the Bronze Age of Monte Croce Guardia. The latter site is still investigated by annual excavation campaigns conducted by the Sapienza University of Rome in collaboration with the Superintendence of Archaeology, Fine Arts and Landscape of the Marche. The last rooms are destined to exhibit the grave goods of nine tombs of the famous Gallic necropolis of Montefortino, with precious jewelry, votive statuettes and ceramics and bronzes of Etruscan import. There are also three stone funerary steles, two of which were found in Arcevia and the third near Fabriano; they bear the sculpted representation of the door ditis (door of the underworld) with, on the back, a small niche likely to use cultual – sacral or intended to collect a selection of the cremated bones of the deceased. The museum offers an educational service for groups of school age.

Castelleone di Suasa

Area Archeologica e Museo civico archeologico Via Ospedale 7 Castelleone di Suasa 60010 Ancona

The genesis of the village of Suasa must be traced back to the process of romanization following the battle of Sentinum of the beginning of the third century B.C. (295 B.C.). The territory subtracted from the Senoni, ager gallicus, was distributed, in individual lots assigned ad personam, with the promulgation of the lex Flaminia de agro gallico et piceno viritim dividundo (232 BC), to Roman settlers. In this general climate, Suasa was born as a praefectura, that is, as an administrative centre attached to a territory immediately behind Sena Gallica, the first maritime colony on the Adriatic. Suasa continues to survive at least until the V-VI sec. d.c. and its slow end is to be inserted in that general phenomenon of abandonment of the centers of the valley floor, without defenses and of strategic interest, in favor of the new centers perched on the surrounding hills. The tour begins in the museum area of the Domus dei Coiedii and continues in the Forum of the city, where a temporary path has been set up accompanied by explanatory panels, to conclude the amphitheater. It is possible to deepen the knowledge of the city of Suasa with a visit to the Civic Archaeological Museum of the City of Suasa, in Castelleone di Suasa, where valuable finds from the excavations of the ancient city are kept, and with a visit to the Archaeological Museum of the Territory of Suasa in San Lorenzo in Campo (PU), which illustrates the evolution of the human population in the Cesano valley.


Santa Maria in Portuno - Raccolta Civica d'Arte Largo XVII settembre 1860 1 - 2 Corinaldo 60013 Ancona

A series of excavation campaigns in Santa Maria in Portuno, carried out by the University of Bologna Department of Archaeology, with the Archaeological Superintendence of the Marche, has brought to light an industrial district of Roman times in which bricks and ceramics were produced. Along the external path some illustrative panels document the different phases of the excavations. Inside a small exhibition hall presents the ancient production activities and materials found in the archaeological excavation. You can access the crypt below the main altar of the church. Inside the crypt was found, then, also a small furnace, perhaps intended for baking bricks, referable to the Roman age. Around the apse and in front of the facade of the church were also found two large cemetery areas.
It is instead thanks to a flyby along the valley of the river Nevola that it was possible to bring to light the remains of an original funerary monument bordered by a large circular moat, with a deposit pit full of objects, almost one hundred elements that express the aristocratic rank of the deceased, connoting him as a political, military and economic leader of the Piceno cultural sphere of the seventh century B.C. For the exhibition inside the Civica Raccolta d’Arte Claudio Ridolfi, twelve finds were selected: a helmet and a schiniere celebrate the size of political and military power, the cart symbolizes land possession, the ceremony of the funeral banquet is represented by containers for receiving and pouring food and drink, and the carnal sacrifice with the practices of cutting and cooking the dedicated animal meat is evoked by the axe, the skewers and the wingers.

Ostra Vetere

Area Archeologica "Le Muracce" - Museo Civico Parrocchiale,13.0859214/@43.5843623,13.0034637,12z?entry=ttu

About three kilometers from Ostra Vetere, rises the archaeological area “Le Muracce”, of the Roman city of Ostra in Le Muracce di Pongelli, on the left bank of Misa, in the territory of Ostra Vetere. It arose probably after 232 BC, following the arrival of the Roman settlers who with the lex Flaminia de agro Gallico et Piceno viritim dividundo were sent to populate the recently conquered ager Gallicus. It was elevated to the rank of town hall towards the middle of the I sec. a.c. The city was at the intersection of the intervallivo path of the ancient Salaria Gallica with the road that linked Sentinum to Sena Gallica. Following the discovery of a manly statue, during the first years of the last century, excavations were conducted that brought to light important vestiges of the ancient city. Thus a vast area of the forum was discovered, bordered by three paved streets, a theater of about 45 meters in diameter, a section of the temple wall and a vast spa building. Following the excavations, in the south-western side of the city came to light a large building with a quadrangular plan referable to the second century A.D. About 60 meters long, inside were found twelve rooms decorated with mosaic carpets. An excavation campaign conducted in 2000 brought to light fragments of an underlying floor in opus signinum and bichrome mosaic that attest to the presence of a residential building pre-existing the thermal plant. In addition to the road found, today visible for a length of 14 meters and in perfect condition you can see the ruins of the temple, theater and spa. At the Civic Parish Museum, finds from the area tell details of its thousand-year history. Here it should be noted the presence of a singular burial. This is the discovery of the tomb of the three twins, found in the atrium of a Roman domus.
The burial was done in amphora. This type of burial was reserved for children and young people, the only ones who could be buried in urban areas.  In the museum is preserved all the burial: the bones of children and the amphora. Also in the museum, on display in special cabinets furnishings, coins, examples of flooring.


Area archeologica e Museo "La Fenice" Viale Leopardi 1 Senigallia 60019 Ancona

The Roman origins of Senigallia were known and visible for some time in the foundations of the Rocca Roveresca; on the other hand, the discovery, during the foundation works of the New Theatre “La Fenice”, in 1989, of important finds datable to the II-3rd century AD. C., subsequently the subject of systematic excavation campaigns. Today the archaeological area La Fenice is one of the few in Italy where you can admire the remains of buildings of Roman origin and the finds found on site. In the archaeological area you can see the remains of a typical Roman city, with clear traces of the crossing between a “thistle” (North and South) and a “decumanus” (East and West), belonging to the southern peripheral area of the ancient Sena. The pavement is well preserved, so much so that the grooves of the wheels of the wagons that have passed through it are still visible. A glimpse of Roman everyday life can be seen in the remains of the “tabernae”, the first of which was a “termopolium” (resale of hot food and drinks), and in the large “domus” (stately home) that had the entrance on the “cardo”. The cocciopesto floors decorated with white tiles and the “impluvium” of the atrium, paved with herringbone bricks, are still well preserved. During the excavations, 130 burial pits of the Middle Ages emerged, testifying to the different use of space over the centuries.

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