immagine Corinaldo and its walls
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Villages and Castles   

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Corinaldo and its walls

Walk along the walls of Corinaldo

The village of Corinaldo is surrounded by an intact and powerful city wall of almost 1 km. A fascinating path rich in easy and pleasant history.

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Porta Nova

last access to the old town

It is the last access, built in order of time, to the Castle of Corinaldo, realized on the occasion of the Renaissance addition (1484-1490). The door and the adjacent tower were partially buried in 1850 when the ring road of the walls was built and the underlying “wall”. Inside the tower there is a shooting room with dome, you can climb above the tower, through a ladder positioned to the left of the main opening, for those entering The access arch was greatly expanded in the early twentieth century to allow access to the center to the first public transport

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I Landroni

an evocative route

This street is a porticoed corridor derived from the elevation of the 18th century stately buildings along Via del Corso. The name of the street comes from the word “androni” that in popular diction incorporates the article transforming it into Landroni. The route is quite suggestive.

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Torre della Rotonda

The Torre della Rotonda, with a semicircular plan, is part of the Renaissance addition that began in 1484 and ended in 1490. Looking out from the terrace in a southerly direction, you can see the grafting of the two perimeter walls, easily distinguishable from the curvature of the fourteenth-century walls to the linear regularity of the Renaissance walls. From a grate in the center of the terrace is visible a shooting room

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Torre del Calcinaro

Originally it was pentagonal and equipped with a consistent shoe dangerously stretched out on the underlying Via del Fosso. It was necessary to demolish it and build it with the current shape, adapting it to the nearby towers of the “Rotonda” and “Porta Nuova” at the end of 1800.

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Torre del Mangano

It takes its name from the street of the same name and right in front of it, until 1940, there was the Mangano, an ancient instrument used to suppress fabrics. Going down the road you meet the Guardiola di Mezzogiorno.

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Porta di Santa Maria del Mercato

It is a real defense complex consisting of two parts made in two successive eras. The oldest is a fourteenth-century arch with an ogival shape, located close to the majestic staircase of Via Piaggia, which presents in the ashlar tax two epigraphs showing the year of construction “Hoc opus… MCCCXL” (1240) and the name of the door “ad portas Sancte Marie”. To this primitive work, perhaps also equipped with a tower now incorporated in the complex, in 1400 was placed a polygonal bulwark with an additional access door perpendicular to the previous. On this second door are visible some vestiges of the drawbridge and a door, not original. The bulwark, built to defend the oldest gate from gunfire, has an internal courtyard to allow the pounding defense to those who managed to pass the first arch. Externally, at the top of the arch, a niche houses an image of St. Anne, the patron saint of Corinaldo. In the first decades of the seventeenth century, once the sieges ceased, the arch was used as a base to build a gambling house for the nobles of Corinaldo, softening the appearance.

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Flaying Tower and the Walkway

It is the remaining part of a large fourteenth-century tower, collapsed in the middle of the nineteenth century. This tower had the specific function of defending with shots at St. John’s gate and especially St. Mary’s gate of the market. From the top you can see the underlying sferisterio, or field for the game of the ball with the bracelet, in vogue to Corinaldo from the nineteenth century and until the years before the Second World War. Almost all the towers of Corinaldo, once the periods of siege ended, were assigned by the municipality to underprivileged people who lived and worked there. The towers will remain inhabited until the Second World War and in this resided the sheep farmer, hence the name. Along the steep road, you enter a walkway, where you can evaluate in all their grandeur the walls of Corinaldo, which here reach a height of 15 meters.

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Porta San Giovanni

An imposing complex consisting of an access arch to the center and buildings that had the specific function of housing the house of the Bargello (captain of the people) and the guard.
It is to be considered perhaps the most interesting part of the walls as it preserves unchanged many elements of defense including the so-called “bianchetta”, the small door to the left of the arch that allowed access to the center during the night or during periods of siege. There are also the housing of the beams that are part of the drawbridge, the hinges of the doors and the holes, where the beams were inserted to bar the door. Inside the arch there was definitely a wooden scaffold that was used to reach the different vents. On the left wall of the entrance, in a niche carved from a fire vent, there is an eighteenth-century image of the Madonna, in papier-mâché, which enjoys a particular popular veneration. Entering you pass an ogival arch, where there is a crack: here flowed an iron gate, extreme defense against the besiegers. Turning towards the Pozzo del Bargello you can reach the terrace above the arch, where you can admire a landscape of both the center and the countryside. Also here are typical elements of military architecture of the fourteenth and fifteenth, such as darters, arquebusiers, brackets, plumbers and battlements. Probably the large terrace was covered by a roof to allow defense during adverse weather. In November 1987, Prince Charles of England spent a long time on the terrace painting a glimpse of the old town.

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Torre dello Sperone

It has always been recognized as a symbol of the walls of Corinaldo: it looks like a powerful pentagonal tower, about 18 meters high, built in the fifteenth century to defend the Cassero that stood where now is the Church of Suffrage. The project, although there are no documents that prove it, is attributed to Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Sienese architect designer of many fortifications of the Duchy of Urbino. It underwent partial restoration in 1500 and also in 1900 and inside it now houses a shrine dedicated to the victims of all the wars On the walls and east of the Tower of the Spur you can see the cut of the walls, built in the early 1900s to facilitate access to the historic center of the first motor vehicles.

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Avenue behind the nuns

Suggestive avenue with a triple row of lime trees, from where are recognizable several towers incorporated in the eighteenth-century buildings above which retain vents and traces of battlements. The avenue runs along Piazza Risorgimento in the center of which is the nineteenth-century fountain,

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    1 km




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