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Ostra Vetere

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Historic

Old Ostra

Ostra Antica, already located in the present-day territory of Ostra Vetere in a place called Muracce (Walls) due to the presence of ruins on the surface, was constituted into a Municipium and included in the Pollia tribe.

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With the Roman conquest, Ostra was also connected to the urban centres of Sentinum (today Sassoferrato) and Sena Gallica (today Senigallia) by means of a side road of the Via Flaminia traced along the Misa valley; the Ostransian territory was also subdivided and organised with the creation of a centuriazione.

The few inscriptions that have come down to us attest to the presence of magistrates (duovir, sexvir) of artisan guilds (collegium Fabrum and Centonariorum) and of the pagan (Goddess Bona) and Christian religious cult, testified to by the existence of a bishop of Ostra still in the year 502.

Excavations, starting in 2006, conducted by the University of Bologna and the French University of Clermond Ferrand, have uncovered several public buildings located in the forum area of the ancient city.

With the barbarian age and especially during the period of the Greek-Gothic War (535-553), the ancient urban centre of Ostra was gradually evacuated until its final abandonment, probably due to the consequences of the Lombard invasion, although recent discoveries suggest that the city was still frequented in the late antique period.

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